Taxon: Brassica carinata A. Braun

Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7642
Place of publication: Flora 24:267. 1841
  • • [of origin B. oleracea × B. nigra]
  • • valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 03-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-Jan-2014
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (seeds used as spice fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: oil/fat (from seeds fide Pl Res SEAs 8:101-102. 1993; Genet Res Crop Evol 53:298. 2006, based on the development of zero erucic/high oleic acid forms)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Food Feed Crops US, leaves & stems eaten)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide PROTA4U)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide PROTA4U; Genet Res Crop Evol 53:298. 2006, based on seeds content of high erucic and linolenic acid)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in cabbage/kale (fide Biol Breed Crucifer 322. 2009)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in mustard (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 53:298. 2006)
  • Gene sources: potential for gene transfer in mustard (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 53:298. 2006, as a bridge species for introducing traits from wild relatives)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of black mustard (fide Euphytica 158:213. 2007, reporting successful crosses only when B. nigra was the male parent)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of mustard (fide Euphytica 158:213. 2007, reporting successful crosses with B. juncea (as the female parent))
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of turnip (fide Pl Breed(NY) 126:490. 2007, based on crossability)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale (based on production of hybrids by embryo rescue fide Euphytica158:216. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish (based on one record of hybrid formation with Raphanus sativus fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 53:298. 2006)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of white mustard (based on successful hybridization with Sinapis alba by ovule culture fide Euphytica 103:126. 1998)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide PROTA4U)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Northern America

    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bailey, L. H. Manual of cultivated plants, revised ed. 1949 (Bailey)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape (Euphytica) 158:209-230.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Jiang, Y. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity of Brassica carinata with emphasis on the interspecific crossability with B. rapa Pl. Breed. (New York) 126:487-491.
  • Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers (Biol Breed Crucifer) 310-342.
  • Li, M. et al. 2006. Intersubgenomic heterosis in rapeseed production with a partial new-typed Brassica napus containing subgenome Ar from B. rapa and Cc from Brassica carinata Crop Sci. (Madison) 46:234-242.
  • Márquez-Lema, A. et al. 2008. Development and characterisation of a Brassica carinata inbred line incorporating genes for low glucosinolate content from B. juncea (Euphytica) 164:365-375.
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Momotaz, A. et al. 1998. Production of intergeneric hybrids between Brassica and Sinapis species by means of embryo rescue techniques (Euphytica) 103:123-130.
  • Nagpal, R. et al. 2008. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera in subtribes Brassicinae, Raphaninae, Moricandiinae, and Cakilinae (Brassicaceae, tribe Brassiceae); the organization and evolution of ribosomal gene families Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157:545-557.
  • Nieuwhof, M. 1969. Cole crops 12.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Prakash, S. & K. Hinata 1980. Taxonomy, cytogenetics and origin of crop brassicas, a review Opera Bot. 55:14,27.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Scheffler, J. A. & P. J. Dale 1994. Opportunities for gene transfer from transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) to related species Transgenic Res. 2:263-278.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:100-104.
  • Snowdon, R. et al. Oilseed crops. Chapter 7. Brassica oilseeds (Genet Res Chrom Crop) 4:195-230.
  • Snowdon, R. et al. 2007. Chapter 2. Oilseed rape (Genome Map Mol Breed) 2:55-114.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Genetic variation of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) germplasm in western Canada Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:297-312.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data (Guide Germ Brassica) 1-91.

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