Taxon: Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera DC.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 7675
Place of publication: Syst. nat. 2:585. 1821
Comments:
  • • [or B. oleracea Brussels Sprouts Group]
  • • published by A. P. de Candolle as B. oleracea C. bullata δ gemmifera
Name Verified on: 26-Sep-2013 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 26-Sep-2013
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Brussels sprouts  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • chou à mille pommes  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • chou de Bruxelles  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • brüsseler Kohl  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Rosenkohl  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Rosen-Wirsing  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • cavola di Bruxelles  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • cavolo a germoglio  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • cavolo de Bruxelles  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • me-kyabetsu  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • couve-de-Bruxelas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • col de Bruselas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • repollo de Bruselas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • bao zi gan lan  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • kapusta brjussel'skaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide Hortus 3)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Everist)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated:

    . only cult.

References:

  • 1981. Genetic Resources of Cruciferous Crops 10.
  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Arias, T. & J. C. Pires 2012. A fully resolved chloroplast phylogeny of the brassica crops and wild relatives (Brassicaceae: Brassiceae): Novel clades and potential taxonomic implications (Taxon) 61:980-988.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Dias, J. S. 1995. Genetic relationships of Portuguese coles and other close related Brassica genotypes using nuclear RFLPs Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:363-369.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Ellis, P. R. et al. 1999. Identification of high levels of resistance to cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, in wild Brassica species (Euphytica) 110:207-214.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Everest, S. L. Poisonous plants of Australia. 1981 (Everist)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 4(1):445.
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers (Biol Breed Crucifer) 310-342.
  • Kianian, S. F. & C. F. Quiros 1992. Trait inheritance, fertility, and genomic relationships of some n=9 Brassica species Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 39:165-175.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Kresovich, S. et al. 1992. Characterization of genetic identities and relationships of Brassica oleracea L. via a random amplified polymorphic DNA assay Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:190-196.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Louarn, S. et al. 2007. Database derived microsatellite markers (SSRs) for cultivar differentiation in Brassica oleracea Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1717-1725.
  • Márquez-Lema, A. et al. 2010. Transferability, amplification quality, and genome specificity of microsatellites in Brassica carinata and related species J. Appl. Genet. 51:123-131.
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mei, J. et al. 2010. Genomic relationships between wild and cultivated Brassica oleracea L. with emphasis on the origination of cultivated crops Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 57:1-15.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:86.
  • Nieuwhof, M. 1969. Cole crops 15.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sebastian, R. L. et al. 2000. An integrated AFLP and RFLP Brassica oleracea linkage map from two morphologically distinct doubled-haploid mapping populations Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:75-81.
  • Snogerup, S. 1980. Chapter 7. The wild forms of the Brassica oleracea group (2n=18) and their possible relations to the cultivated ones (Brassica Crop Wild) 121-132.
  • Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784-794.
  • Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593-600.
  • Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths 2004. Development of black rot resistant interspecific hybrids between Brassica oleracea L. cultivars and Brassica accession A 19182, using embryo rescue (Euphytica) 136:313-318.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera DC. :