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WHEAT
Descriptors
Category: DISEASE
  1. Black Point, Kernel (BLACKPOINT) Kernel black point caused by various species of Alternaria, Fusarium, and Helminthosporium
  2. Helminthosporium leaf blotch (HELMINTHOSPORIUM LEAF BLOTCH) Helminthosporium leaf blotch
  3. Helminthosporium spot blotch (HELMINTHOSPORIUM SPOT BLOTCH B) Helminthosporium spot blotch
  4. Helminthosporium spot blotch (HELMINTHOSPORIUM SPOT BLOTCH P) Helminthosporium spot blotch
  5. Helminthosporium tan spot (HELMINTHOSPORIUM TAN SPOT) Helminthosporium tan spot
  6. Septoria (Stagonospora nodorum) blotch (SEPTORIA BLOTCH) Septoria (Stagonospora nodorum) blotch
  7. Septoria nodorum (SEPTORIA NODORUM) Septoria nodorum
  8. Septoria tritici blotch, tolerance (SEPTORIA TRITICI BLOTCH) Septoria tritici blotch, tolerance
  9. Septoria tritici, differential (SEPTORIA TRITICI DIFFERENTIAL) Septoria tritici, differential
  10. Septoria tritici (Mycosphaerella graminicola), differential (SEPTORIA TRITICI MYCOS. DIFF.) Septoria tritici (Mycosphaerella graminicola), differential
  11. Septoria tritici (Mycosphaerella graminicola) (SEPTORIA TRITICI MYCOS. TOLER) Septoria tritici (Mycosphaerella graminicola)
  12. Septoria tritici blotch (SEPTORIA_TRITICI) Adult plant reaction to Septoria tritici
  13. Septoria nodorum, adult (STAGONONOD_ADULT) Adult plant reaction to Septoria nodorum
  14. Septoria nodorum, glume (STAGONONOD_GLUME) Glume reaction to Septoria nodorum
  15. Septoria nodorum, leaf (STAGONONOD_LEAF) Leaf reaction to Septoria nodorum
  16. Septoria nodorum, seedling (STAGONONOD_SEEDLING) Seedling reaction to Septoria nodorum
  17. Septoria nodorum blotch, Tox1 (STAGONONOD_TOX1) Seedling reaction to Septoria nodorum blotch, Toxin 1
  18. Septoria nodorum blotch, Tox3 (STAGONONOD_TOX3) Seedling reaction to Septoria nodorum blotch, Toxin 3
  19. Septoria nodorum blotch, ToxA (STAGONONOD_TOXA) Seedling reaction to Septoria nodorum blotch, Toxin A
  20. Tan spot (Pyrenophora tritici-repentis) (TAN SPOT) Tan spot (Pyrenophora tritici-repentis)
  21. Yellow spot, adult (YELLOWSPOT_ADULT) Adult plant reaction to Pyrenophora tritici-repentis = Helminthosporium tritici
  22. Yellow spot, seedling (YELLOWSPOT_SEEDLING) Seedling reaction to Pyrenophora tritici-repentis = Helminthosporium tritici
Category: GROWTH
  1. Plant height, cm (PLANT_HEIGHT_CM) Average height of plants (cm) at maturity from the ground to top of the spike, excluding awns
  2. Plant height, relatiive (PLANT_HEIGHT_RELATIVE) Descriptive height of plants at maturity, relative to trial entries
  3. Plant posture (PLANT_POSTURE) Juvinal plant growth angularity
  4. Plant height, cm field (PLANTHEIGHT_FIELDNOTES) Field collected data, for identify validation
Category: MORPHOLOGY
  1. Awn color (AWNCOLOR) Descriptive assessment of awn color
  2. Awn color field (AWNCOLOR_FIELDNOTES) Color of mature awns, for identify verification
  3. Awn type (AWNTYPE) Descriptive assessment of awn type
  4. Awn type field (AWNTYPE_FIELDNOTES) Spike awn type, from field collected data, for identify verification
  5. Glume color (GLUME_COLOR) Descriptive assessment of glume color
  6. Glume color field (GLUME_COLOR_FIELDNOTES) Mature spike glume color, from field collected data, for identify verification
  7. Glume pubescence (GLUME_PUBESCENCE) Descriptive assessment of glume pubescence
  8. Glume pubescence field (GLUMEPUB_FIELDNOTES) Mature spike glume pubescence, from field collected data, for identify verification
  9. Grain Size, >2.8 Screen (GRAINSIZE_>2.8_SCREEN) Mean grain size as determined by >2.8 screening, SeedCount, Next Instruments, Australia
  10. Grain Size, 2.5-2.2 Screen (GRAINSIZE_2.5-2.2_SCREEN) Mean grain size as determined by 2.2-2.5 screening, SeedCount, Next Instruments, Australia
  11. Grain Size, 2.8-2.5 Screen (GRAINSIZE_2.8-2.5_SCREEN) Mean grain size as determined by 2.5-2.8 screening, SeedCount, Next Instruments, Australia
  12. Kernel Length, Mean (KERNEL_LENGTH) Mean kernel length (mm) as determined by SeedCount, Next Instruments, Australia
  13. Kernel Width, Mean (KERNEL_WIDTH) Mean kernel width (mm) as determined by SeedCount, Next Instruments, Australia
  14. Leaf glaucousness / waxiness (LEAF_GLAUCOUS) Leaf glaucousness / waxiness, visual score
  15. Leaf pubescence (LEAF_PUBESCENCE) Leaf pubescence
  16. Leaf pubescence field (LEAF_PUBESCENCE_FIELDNOTES) Field collected lead pubescence data, for identify verification
  17. Spike Lenght (SPIKE_LENGHT) Length of spike
  18. Spikelet thrashability (SPIKELET_THRASHABILITY) Hulled or hull-less (free threshing) spikelets
  19. Spike type field (SPIKETYPE_FIELDNOTES) Spike type, from field collected data, for identify verification
  20. Stem color field (STEM_COLOR_FIELDNOTES) Color of straw at maturity, for identity verification
  21. Thousand kernel weight (THOUSAND_KERNEL_WEIGHT) Grain weight expressed as weight of thousand grains.
  22. Unique Phenotypes (UNIQUE_PHENOTYPES) Odd and interesting wheat morphologies
  23. Vegetative growth habit (VEGETATIVE_GROWTH_HABIT) Vegetative growth habit, This trait judges the early vegetative inclination of the plant and it should not be confused with vernalization growth habit.
Category: PHENOLOGY
  1. Anthesis, Day to field (ANTHESIS_FIELDNOTES) Field collected data, for identify validation
  2. Early Vigor (EARLY_VIGOR) Early Vigor
  3. Growth descriptors habit (HABIT) Spring, facultative or winter growth habit
  4. Harvest, Days to delete (HARVEST_DATE_ FIELDNOTES) Field collected data, for identify validation
  5. Heading, Days to 50 pctg (HEADING_DAYS) Days from sowing to average full extrusion of 50% of the spikes
  6. Heading, Days to field (HEADING_DAYS_FIELDNOTES) Field collected data, for identify validation
  7. Heading, Days to full (HEADING_RELATIVE) Descriptive full extrusion of the spike relative to other trial entries
  8. Heading, Relative (HEADING_RELATIVE_ FIELDNOTES) Field collected data, for identify validation
  9. Maturity, Days to field (MATURITY_FIELDNOTES) Field collected data, for identify validation
  10. Maturity, Relative (MATURITY_RELATIVE) Relative physiological maturity
  11. Stand establishment field (STANDESTABLISHMENT_FIELDNOTES) Field collected data, for identify validation. Proxy for seed viability/vigor.
Category: PRODUCTION
  1. Australian Class, Predicted (CLASS_AUSTRALIAN) Australian Class, Predicted by UPP
  2. Genetic Cluster (GENETICCLUSTER) Genetic cluster (based on DArT markers)
  3. Test weight (TESTWEIGHT) Test weight (kg/hl)
  4. Thousand Grain Weight (THOUSAND_GRAIN_WEIGHT) Thousand kernel weight (g)
Category: QUALITY
  1. Dough alveograph PL score (DOUGH_ALVEO_PL) Ratio of tenacity (P, aptitude to resist deformation of the dough bubble) and extensibility (L, maximum volume of air that the dough bubble is able to contain) of the dough.
  2. Dough alveograph W score (DOUGH_ALVEO_W) Dough baking strength (surface under the alveograph curve defined by dough tenacity (P value) and extensibility (L value)
  3. Dough development time (DOUGH_DEVELOPMENT) Perten Instruments doughLAB and micro-doughLAB dough development time (DDT) (minutes).
  4. Dough extensibility (DOUGH_EXTENSIBILITY) Dough extensibility
  5. Dough Mixograph Torque (DOUGH_MIXOGRAPH_TORQUE) Energy needed to mix the dough in the optimum mixing peak (%Tq*min).
  6. Dough mix time mid-line peak (DOUGH_MIXTIME_PEAK) Time required to reach maximum consistency (peak) during dough development/mixing.
  7. Dough strength (DOUGH_STRENGTH) Dough strength
  8. Flour End Use Quality, Relative Performance (DOUGH_STRENGTH_EXTENSIBILITY) Wheat end use quality general assessment (Guzman and Pena 2016)
  9. Flour color (FLOUR COLOR) Descriptive assessment of flour color
  10. Flour End Use Quality, Code (FLOUR_USE_CODE) Bread wheat lines/varieties falling within the 1 to 4 end-use types, must possess from moderate to high gluten extensibility
  11. Flour End Use Quality, Description (FLOUR_USE_DESCRIPTION) Based on grain hardness, grain color, dough mixing properties, and gluten strength and extensibility requirements achieved by CIMMYT germplasm under Mexican (Cd Obregon Sonora, Northwest Mexico) growing conditions with experimental yield level between 7-9 ton/ha. Quality types marked as “Household (or utility) wheat” have tenacious gluten character, which is generally undesirable for most of the end-use types requiring a minimum of processing and end product quality attributes. This wheat is used mainly for home consumption, as whole meal flour or refined flour, used to prepare dense-leavened and flat breads or traditional dishes. Main quality attributes: taste, aroma.
  12. Flour Yield (FLOUR_YIELD) Flour Yield
  13. Gluten type classification (GLUTEN_TYPE) Is determined based on gluten properties data (flour protein content, Alveograph W, Alveograph P/L) following Guzman and Peña, 2016
  14. Grain Falling Number (GRAIN FALLING NUMBER) Measured in "seconds, at masl" (mean average sea level)
  15. Grain color (GRAIN_COLOR) Descriptive assessment of grain color
  16. Grain Hardness (Classification) (GRAIN_HARD_CLASS) Relative hardness classification of the kernel endosperm
  17. Grain Hardness (PSI) (GRAIN_HARD_PSI) Hardness of the endosperm as determined by Partical Size Index
  18. Grain color, reflectance (CIE a) (GRAINCOLOR_REFLECTANCE(CIEA)) Grain color reflectance (CIE a), whole grain redness
  19. Grain color, reflectance (CIE b) (GRAINCOLOR_REFLECTANCE(CIEB)) Grain color reflectance (CIE b), whole grain yellowness
  20. High molecular weight glutenin, Glu-A1 (HMW_GLU-A1) High molecular weight glutenin, Glu-A1
  21. High molecular weight glutenin, Glu-B1 (HMW_GLU-B1) High molecular weight glutenin, Glu-B1
  22. High molecular weight glutenin, Glu-D1 (HMW_GLU-D1) High molecular weight glutenin, Glu-D1
  23. Low molecular weight glutenin (LMW_GLU) Low molecular weight glutenin
  24. Low molecular weight glutenin, Glu-A3 (LMW_GLU-A3) Low molecular weight glutenin, Glu-A3
  25. Low molecular weight glutenin, Glu-B3 (LMW_GLU-B3) Low molecular weight glutenin, Glu-B3
  26. Low molecular weight glutenin, Glu-D3 (LMW_GLU-D3) Low molecular weight glutenin, Glu-D3
  27. Bread crumb structure (LOAF_CRUMB) A visual assessment of the cellular structure of wheat bread crumb.
  28. Bread loaf volume (LOAF_VOLUME) Baking quality of flour; volume expressed in mL of a piece of pan bread.
  29. Protein, Flour (PROTEIN_FLOUR) Total protein content (corrected to 12.5% moisture basis) in refined flour.
  30. Protein, Grain (PROTEIN_GRAIN) Content of protein (corrected to 12.5% moisture basis) in the whole wheat grain samples.
  31. SDS-Sedimentation, Whole meal Index (SDS_INDEX) SDS sedimentation divided by percent whole grain protein
  32. SDS-Sedimentation, Whole meal (SDS_WHOLE_GRAIN) The degree of sedimentation of wheat meal suspended in a lactic acid-sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) medium during a standard time of settling estimating gluten-protein overall quality.
  33. SDS-Sedimentation, Unextractable polymeric protein (SDS-UPP) SDS Unextractable polymeric protein
  34. Semolina color, Minolta (B) (SEMOLINA_COLOR_MINOLTA(B)) Semolina flour color (B) determined by Minolta colorometer
  35. Semolina color, Minolta (L) (SEMOLINA_COLOR_MINOLTA(L)) Semolina flour color (L) determined by Minolta colorometer
  36. Water absorption (WATER_ABSORP) Water absorption
  37. Yellow alkaline noodle score (L) (YELLOW_ALK_NOODLE) Yellow alkaline noodles are of considerable importance owing to their brightness and yellow color tone. Generally, yellow alkaline noodles are commonly consumed in South East Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, etc.) and Japan.
Category: WGSS-AbioticStress
  1. Acid soils (ACID SOILS (ALUMINUM TOXICITY)) Plant tolerance to aluminum.
  2. Bicarbonate toxicity (BICARBONATE (HCO3)) Bicarbonate toxicity
  3. Boron toxicity (BORON_TOLERANCE) Reaction to boron toxicity or deficiency
  4. Copper (Cu), efficiency (COPPER (CU), EFFICIENCY) Copper (Cu), efficiency
  5. Iron (Fe) toxicity (IRON (FE) TOXICITY, TOLERANCE) Iron (Fe) toxicity
  6. manganese (Mn) deficiency (MANGANESE (MN) DEFICIENCY) manganese (Mn) deficiency
  7. manganese (Mn) toxicity (MANGANESE (MN) TOXICITY) manganese (Mn) toxicity
  8. Phosphorus (P) deficiency (PHOSPHORUS (P) DEFICIENCY) Phosphorus (P) deficiency
  9. Salinity (salt) toxicity (SALINITY (SALT) TOXICITY) Tolerance to soil salinity.
  10. Sodium (Na) toxicity (SODIUM (NA) TOXICITY) Sodium (Na) toxicity
  11. Waterlogging tolerance (WATERLOGGING) Waterlogging tolerance
  12. Zinc (Zn) deficiency (ZINC (ZN) DEFICIENCY) Zinc (Zn) deficiency
  13. Zinc (Zn) deficiency (ZINC (ZN), EFFICIENCY) Zinc (Zn) deficiency
  14. Zn & Mn deficiency (ZN/MN DEFICIENCY, TOLERANCE) Zn & Mn deficiency
Category: WGSS-AgroPerformance
  1. Grain yield, broad adaptation (BROAD ADAPTATION) Grain yield, broad adaptation
  2. Grain yield, drought (DROUGHT TOLERANCE) Descriptive assessment of drought tolerance
  3. Grain yield, early maturity (EARLY_&_HIGH_YIELD) Early & High Yield
  4. Grain yield, heat (HEAT TOLERANCE) heat, tolerance
  5. Grain yield, optimum environments (HIGH YIELD POTENTIAL) Grain yield, optimum environments
  6. Moderate environment yield potential (MODERATE YIELD POTENTIAL) Moderate environment yield potential
Category: WGSS-BioticStressLoc
  1. Bacterial Leaf Streak (BACTERIAL_LEAF_STREAK) Bacterial Leaf Streak (Xanthomonas translucens)
  2. Common bunt (Ustilago tritici) (COMMON BUNT (USTILAGO TRITICI)) Common bunt (Ustilago tritici)
  3. Common Bunt Differential (COMMON_BUNT_DIFFERENTIAL) Common bunt differential (Tilletia laevis & T. tritici)
  4. Ergot (Claviceps purpurea) (ERGOT (CLAVICEPS PURPUREA)) Ergot (Claviceps purpurea)
  5. Flag smut (Urocystic agropyri) (FLAG SMUT (UROCYSTIC AGROPYRI)) Flag smut (Urocystic agropyri)
  6. Flag Smut Differential (FLAG_SMUT_DIFFERENTIAL) Flag Smut (Urocystic agropyri)
  7. Fusarium head blight (Fusarium graminearum) (FUSARIUM HEAD BLIGHT) Fusarium head blight (Fusarium graminearum)
  8. Karnal bunt (Tilletia indica) (KARNAL BUNT (TILLETIA INDICA)) Karnal bunt (Tilletia indica)
  9. loose smut (Ustilago tritici), differential (LOOSE SMUT (USTILAGO TRITICI)) loose smut (Ustilago tritici), differential
  10. Loose Smut Differential (LOOSE_SMUT_DIFFERENTIAL) Loose smut diff. (Ustilago tritici)
  11. Multiple Disease Resistance (MULTIPLE_DISEASE_RESISTANCE) Multiple Disease Resistance
  12. Powdery mildew, differential (POWDERY MILDEW DIFFERENTIAL) Powdery mildew, differential
  13. Powdery mildew (POWDERY MILDEW TOLERANCE) Powdery mildew
  14. Wheat blast (Magnaporthe oryzae) (WHEAT BLAST) Wheat blast (Magnaporthe oryzae)
Category: WGSS-Insects&Viruses
  1. Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus (BARLEY YELLOW DWARF VIRUS BYDV) Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus
  2. Greenbug (Schizaphis graminum) (GREENBUG (SCHIZAPHIS GRAMINUM)) Greenbug (Schizaphis graminum)
  3. Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor) (HESSIAN FLY) Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor)
  4. Orange blossom midge (Sitodiplosis mosellana) (ORANGE BLOSSOM MIDGE) Orange blossom midge (Sitodiplosis mosellana)
  5. Russian wheat aphid (RUSSIAN WHEAT APHID) Russian wheat aphid
  6. Sawfly (Cephus cinctus) (solid stem) (SAWFLY (SOLID STEM)) Sawfly (Cephus cinctus) (solid stem)
  7. Sunn pest (Eurygaster integriceps) (SUNN PEST) Sunn pest (Eurygaster integriceps)
  8. Wheat yellow mosaic virus (WYMV) (WHEAT STREAK MOSAIC VIRUS WYMV) Wheat yellow mosaic virus (WYMV)
  9. Wireworms (Coleoptera: Elateridae) (WIREWORMS) Wireworms (Coleoptera: Elateridae)
Category: WGSS-MasAgro SeeD
  1. LTP Parents (LTP_PARENTS) Linked Topcross Population (LTP) was generated to introgress useful traits from wheat germplasm bank accessions, including synthetic hexaploids and landraces, into elite wheat germplasm.
  2. MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, end-use quality diversity (SeeD, END-USE QUALITY) MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, end-use quality diversity
  3. MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, gluten quantity (SeeD, GLUTEN QUANTITY) MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, gluten quantity
  4. MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, grain protein concentration (SeeD, GRAIN PROTEIN) MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, grain protein concentration
  5. MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, grain size & test weight (SeeD, GRAIN SIZE) MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, grain size & test weight
  6. MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, grain yield potential (SeeD, GRAIN YIELD) MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, grain yield potential
  7. MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, heat tolerance (SeeD, HEAT) MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, heat tolerance
  8. MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, Iranian Landrace reference set (SeeD, IRANIAN REF. SET) MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, Iranian Landrace reference set
  9. MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, Mexican Landrace reference set (SeeD, MEXICAN REF. SET) MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, Mexican Landrace reference set
  10. MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, rust tolerance diversity (SeeD, RUSTS) MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, rust tolerance diversity
  11. MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, endosperm yellow pigment (SeeD, YELLOW ENDOSPERM) MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, endosperm yellow pigment
  12. MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, zinc (Zn) grain biofortification (SeeD, ZINC BIOFORT.) MasAgro Seeds of Discovery, zinc (Zn) grain biofortification
Category: WGSS-Multiple Traits
  1. 1A/1R wheat/rye translocation (1A/1R WHEAT/RYE TRANSLOCATION) 1A/1R wheat/rye translocation
  2. 1B/1R wheat/rye translocation (1B/1R TRANSLOCATION) 1B/1R wheat/rye translocation
Category: WGSS-NutriBakingQlty
  1. club wheat (Triticum aestivum compactum) (CLUB WHEAT) club wheat (Triticum aestivum compactum)
  2. glutenin (bread wheat), differential (GLUTEN DIFFERENTIAL) glutenin (bread wheat), differential
  3. glutenin, differential (GLUTENIN, DIFFERENTIAL) glutenin, differential
  4. glutenin, High & Low Molecular Weight (GLUTENIN, HMW LMW) glutenin, High & Low Molecular Weight
  5. glutenin, Low Molecular Weight (GLUTENIN, LMW) glutenin, Low Molecular Weight
  6. flour with outstanding & noteworthy taste (GOOD TASTING FLOUR) flour with outstanding & noteworthy taste
  7. grain alpha amylase concentration (GRAIN ALPHA-AMYLASE) grain alpha amylase concentration
  8. Dietary fiber (GRAIN ARABINOXYLANS) Dietary fiber
  9. grain (kernel) pericarp color, differential (GRAIN COLOR) grain (kernel) pericarp color, differential
  10. grain fructan concentration (GRAIN FRUCTANS) grain fructan concentration
  11. Mexican landrace grain hardness (GRAIN HARDNESS MEX ) Mexican landrace grain hardness
  12. grain hardness & PIN alleles (GRAIN HARDNESS PIN) grain hardness & PIN alleles
  13. grain phenolic concentration (GRAIN PHENOLICS) grain phenolic concentration
  14. milling & baking quality, differential (MILLING & BAKING QUALITY) milling & baking quality, differential
  15. waxy endosperm (WAXY ENDOSPERM) waxy endosperm
  16. zinc (Zn) biofortified grain (ZINC (ZN) BIOFORTIFIED GRAIN) zinc (Zn) biofortified grain
Category: WGSS-PhysiolTrait
  1. adaptation & stay-green & lodging (ADAPTATION STAY-GREEN LODGING) adaptation & stay-green & lodging
  2. Biomass (BIOMASS) Biomass
  3. biomass & heat tolerance (BIOMASS & HEAT TOLERANCE) biomass & heat tolerance
  4. biomass & spike size (BIOMASS & SPIKE SIZE) biomass & spike size
  5. canopy stay-green (CANOPY STAY-GREEN) canopy stay-green
  6. canopy temperature depression (CANOPY TEMPERATURE DEPRESSION) canopy temperature depression
  7. CIMMYT Core Germplasm Set (CIMCOG INDICATOR) CIMMYT Core Germplasm Set
  8. Coleoptile length (COLEOPTILE LENGTH) Coleoptile length
  9. crossability with rye and other Triticeae species (CROSSABILITY W/ TRITICEAE SPP.) crossability with rye and other Triticeae species
  10. early maturity (EARLY MATURITY) early maturity
  11. flag-leaf stay-green (FLAG-LEAF STAY-GREEN) flag-leaf stay-green
  12. Foliar Stay-Green (FOLIAR STAY-GREEN) Foliar Stay-Green
  13. grains/m2 (GRAINS/M2) grains/m2
  14. International Adaptation Trial (IAT) indicators (IAT INDICATOR) International Adaptation Trial (IAT) indicators
  15. large spike, germplasm (LARGE SPIKE) large spike, germplasm
  16. leaf osmotic adjustment (LEAF OSMOTIC ADJUSTMENT) leaf osmotic adjustment
  17. enhanced seedling emergence, long coleoptile (LONG COLEOPTILE) enhanced seedling emergence, long coleoptile
  18. multiple ovary, germplasm (MULTIPLE OVARY) multiple ovary, germplasm
  19. photoperiod (ppd), differential (PHOTOPERIOD (PPD),DIFFERENTIAL) photoperiod (ppd), differential
  20. purple straw (PURPLE STRAW) purple straw
  21. radiation use efficiency (RADIATION USE EFFICIENCY) radiation use efficiency
  22. radiation use efficiency & light interception (RADIATION USE EFFICIENCY & LI) radiation use efficiency & light interception
  23. foliar varigation, reduced chlorophyl content (REDUCED CHLOROPHYL CONTENT) foliar varigation, reduced chlorophyl content
  24. reduced plant height (REDUCED PLANT HEIGHT) reduced plant height
  25. seed size (SEED SIZE) seed size
  26. seminal rooting, angle (SEMINAL ROOTING, ANGLE) seminal rooting, angle
  27. soil water extraction (SOIL WATER EXTRACTION) soil water extraction
  28. spike stay-green (SPIKE STAY-GREEN) spike stay-green
  29. spike stay-green & stem soluble charbohydrate (STAY-GREEN&STEM SOLUBLE CHARB) spike stay-green & stem soluble charbohydrate
  30. stem soluble carbohydrate (STEM SOLUBLE CARBOHYDRATE) stem soluble carbohydrate
  31. straw (culm) strength (STRAW (CULM) STRENGTH) straw (culm) strength
  32. tall plant height (TALL PLANT HEIGHT) tall plant height
  33. tillering capacity (TILLERING CAPACITY) tillering capacity
  34. tissue culture and transformation potential (TISSUE CULTURE POTENTIAL) tissue culture and transformation potential
  35. vernalization requirement (VERNALIZATION) vernalization requirement
  36. vernalization (Vrn), differential (VERNALIZATION DIFFERENTIAL) vernalization (Vrn), differential
  37. vernalization (Vrn) & photoperiod (ppd) (VERNALIZATION PHOTOPERIOD) vernalization (Vrn) & photoperiod (ppd)
  38. vernalization (Vrn) & photoperiod (ppd), differential (VERNALIZATION PHOTOPERIOD DIF) vernalization (Vrn) & photoperiod (ppd), differential
Category: WGSS-ReferenceSets
  1. Durum wheat (DArTseq) diversity reference set (DARTSEQ DW DIVERSITY REF SET) Durum wheat (DArTseq) diversity reference set
  2. elite landrace (ELITE LANDRACE) elite landrace
  3. Elite Durum (ELITE_DURUM) Elite Durum
  4. GCP, Spring Bread Wheat Reference Set (GCP SPRING BREAD WHEAT REF SET) GCP, Spring Bread Wheat Reference Set
  5. GCP, Winter Bread Wheat Reference Set (GCP WINTER BREAD WHEAT REF SET) GCP, Winter Bread Wheat Reference Set
  6. Heirloom Varieties (HEIRLOOM VARIETIES) Heirloom Varieties
  7. IDYN DArTseq diversity reference set (IDYN DARTSEQ DIVERSITY REF SET) IDYN DArTseq diversity reference set
  8. IDYN trait diversity reference set (IDYN TRAIT DIVERSITY REF SET) IDYN trait diversity reference set
  9. IWIN Yield Trial check varieties (IWIN YIELD TRIAL CHECK) IWIN Yield Trial check varieties
  10. landrace diversity reference set (Silva) (LANDRACE DIVERSITY REF SET) landrace diversity reference set (Silva)
  11. Negev Israel Landraces (NEGEV ISRAEL CORE LANDRACES) Negev Israel Landraces
  12. CIMMYT Wide Crosses, Synthetic Hexaploid (SYNTHETIC HEXAPLOID) CIMMYT Wide Crosses, Synthetic Hexaploid
  13. Wami (WAMI) Wheat association mapping initiative (WAMI) population 
  14. winter durum wheat (WINTER DURUM WHEAT) winter durum wheat
  15. Winter synthetic hexaploids (WINTER_SYNTHETIC_HEXAPLOIDS) Winter (vernalilzation requiring) materials derived from winter durum wheat, crossed with Ae. tauschii.
  16. xTriticosecale, primary (XTRITICOSECALE, PRIMARY) xTriticosecale, primary
Category: WGSS-RustDiseases
  1. Durable Leaf Rust Tolerance (DURABLE_LEAF_RUST_TOLERANCE) Leaf Rust (Puccinia recondita)
  2. Leaf rust & Stem rust (LEAF RUST & STEM RUST) Leaf rust & Stem rust
  3. leaf rust (Puccinia recondita), differential (LEAF RUST (P. RECONDITA) DIF) leaf rust (Puccinia recondita), differential
  4. Leaf rust, adult (LEAF_RUST_ADULT) Reaction to Leaf Rust (incited by Puccinia tritici) in the adult plant stage in the field
  5. Leaf rust, seedling (LEAF_RUST_SEEDLING) Reaction to Leaf Rust (incited by Puccinia tritici) in the seedling plant stage
  6. Lr19 & Sr25 without yellow colored flour (LR19 & SR25 W/O YELLOW FLOUR) Lr19 & Sr25 without yellow colored flour
  7. Lr34 & Yr18, germplasm (LR34 & YR18) Lr34 & Yr18, germplasm
  8. rust (Puccinia spp.), universal susceptibility (RUST UNIVERSAL SUSCEPTIBILITY) rust (Puccinia spp.), universal susceptibility
  9. stem rust (Puccinia graminis), differential (STEM RUST DIFFERENTIAL) stem rust (Puccinia graminis), differential
  10. Stem rust (Puccinia graminis) (STEM RUST TOLERANCE) Stem rust (Puccinia graminis)
  11. stem rust (Puccinia graminis), Ug99 tolerance (STEM RUST, UG99 TOLERANCE) stem rust (Puccinia graminis), Ug99 tolerance
  12. Stem Rust, Sr2 (STEM_RUST,_Sr2) stem rust (Puccinia graminis), tolerance
  13. Stem rust, adult (STEM_RUST_ADULT) Reaction to Stem Rust (caused by Puccinia graminis f.sp. tritici) in the adult plant stage in the field
  14. stripe rust (Puccinia striIformis), differential (STRIPE RUST DIFFERENTIAL) stripe rust (Puccinia striIformis), differential
  15. Stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis) (STRIPE RUST TOLERANCE) Stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis)
  16. Stripe rust, adult (STRIPE_RUST_ADULT) Reaction to Stripe Rust (incited by Puccinia striiformis) in the adult plant stage in the field
Category: WGSS-SoilBornePathog
  1. Cereal Cyst Nematode (CEREALCYST) Reaction to Heterodera avenae (CCN)
  2. Common Root Rot (COMMON_ROOT_ROT) COMMON ROOT ROT caused by Fusarium culmorum
  3. Crown rot (Fusarium pseudograminearum) (CROWNROT) Reaction to Fusarium pseudograminearum
  4. Pratylenchus neglectus nematode (PRATYLENCHUS_NEGLECTUS_NEMATOD) Reaction to Pratylenchus neglectus
  5. Pratylenchus thornii nematode (PRATYLENCHUS_THORNII_NEMATODE) Reaction to Pratylenchus thornii
  6. Root lesion nematodes (ROOT LESION NEMATODES) Root lesion nematodes
Category: zMOLECULARMARKER
  1. Cereal cyst_Cre8_SNP (Cerealcyst:Cre8) The cereal cyst nematode (CCN, Heterodera avenae Woll.) resistance locus Cre8 on the long arm of chromosome 6B (6BL) of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is effective in lowering the nematode population in soil.
  2. dehydration responsive element binding (DREB) (DehydrationR_Element_B(DREB)) Dreb genes are involved in abiotic stress tolerances, such as drought, salinity, low temperature and ABA.
  3. Earliness per se_Eps-D1_TaBradi2g14790_KASP1 (EARLINESSPERSE_EPS-D1_TABRADI) Earliness per se_Eps-D1_TaBradi2g14790_KASP1
  4. fructan-dominated water-soluble carbohydrates remobilization (1FEH-6B) (F-DWater-SCarbohydR(1FEH-6B)) High level of stem water soluble charbohydrate combined with FEH-mediated remobilization efficiency may contribute to high grain weight, especially under drought.
  5. Fusarium Head Blight_QFhb_IWB28643 (FHeadBli:QfhbCim2DLc//IWB28643) Catbird, released by CIMMYT, may provide a source of resistance to Fusarium head blight different from Sumai 3.
  6. Flowering Locus_TaFT3-B1 & Ppd-B2 (FLOWERINGLOCUS_TAFT3-B1&PPD-B2) Flowering Locus_TaFT3-B1 & Ppd-B2
  7. Flowering Locus_TaFT3-D1 (FLOWERINGLOCUS_TAFT3-D1) Flowering Locus_TaFT3-D1
  8. Fusarium Head Blight_Fhb1_snp3BS-8 (FusariumHeadBlight:Fhb1) The quantitative trait locus on 3BS (Fhb1) from Sumai 3 has shown the largest effect on FHB resistance. 
  9. Fusarium Head Blight_QFhb_IWB44589 (FusariumHeadBlight:QfhbCim2DLc) Catbird, released by CIMMYT, may provide a source of resistance to Fusarium head blight different from Sumai 3.
  10. Fusarium Head Blight_Qfhb-cim-3D_IWB32653/GENE-1785_118 (FUSARIUMHEADBLIGHT_QFHB_32653) Fusarium Head Blight_Qfhb-cim-3D_IWB32653/GENE-1785_118
  11. Fusarium Head Blight_Qfhb-cim-3B_IWB55664/RAC875_c24504_119 (FUSARIUMHEADBLIGHT_QFHB-3B) Fusarium Head Blight_Qfhb-cim-3B_IWB55664/RAC875_c24504_119
  12. Fusarium Head Blight_Qfhb-cim-3D_IWB65745/TA003804-0980 (FUSARIUMHEADBLIGHT_QFHB-65745) Fusarium Head Blight_Qfhb-cim-3D_IWB65745/TA003804-0980
  13. Fusarium Head Blight_Qfhb-cim-3B_RAC875_c24504_157.01 (FUSARIUMHEADBLIGHT_QFHB-CIM-3B) Fusarium Head Blight_Qfhb-cim-3B_RAC875_c24504_157.01
  14. Fusarium Head Blight_Qfhb-cim-3D_D_GA8KES402JVT1Y_74 (FUSARIUMHEADBLIGHT_QFHB-CIM-3D) Fusarium Head Blight_Qfhb-cim-3D_D_GA8KES402JVT1Y_74
  15. GNI1 spike fertility (GNI1spikefertility) Grain Number Increase 1 (GNI-A1) inhibits the growth and development of wheat florets within the spikelets. In the domestication process, a decrease of GNI1 expression led to more fertile florets and an increase in grains per spikelet.
  16. GNI2 spike fertility (GNI2spikefertility) Grain Number Increase 2 (GNI-A2) affects spike fertility.
  17. Grain arabinoxylan fiber (Grainarabinoxylanfiber) Arabinoxylans are one of the main components of soluble and insoluble dietary fibers conferring various health benefits.
  18. Grain color_TambyA_Tamby10-A1 (GRAINCOLOR_TAMBYA_TAMBY10-A1) Grain color_TambyA_Tamby10-A1
  19. Grain color_TambyB_TamybR B1a-b_A (GRAINCOLOR_TAMBYB_TAMYBRB1A-B) Grain color_TambyB_TamybR B1a-b_A
  20. Grain color_TambyD_TamybR D1a-b_A (GRAINCOLOR_TAMBYD_TAMYBRD1A-B) Grain color_TambyD_TamybR D1a-b_A
  21. Grain size_Grain_TaGASR-A1 (Grainlength:TaGASR7-A1) Grain size_Grain_TaGASR-A1
  22. Grain polyphenol oxidase (Grainpolyphenoloxidase) Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) plays a significant role in darkening and discoloration of processed wheat products.
  23. Grain size_Grain_TaGS-D1 (Grainsize:TaGS3-D1) Grain size_Grain_TaGS-D1
  24. Green bug_GB7_synopGBS1141-KASP (GREENBUG_GB7_SYNOPGBS1141-KASP) Green bug_GB7_synopGBS1141-KASP
  25. Green bug_GB7_synopGBS773-KASP (GREENBUG_GB7_SYNOPGBS773-KASP) Green bug_GB7_synopGBS773-KASP
  26. Hessian fly_H32_IWB65911-KASP (HESSIANFLY_H32_IWB65911-KASP) Hessian fly_H32_IWB65911-KASP
  27. Hessian fly_H32_synopGBS901-KASP (HESSIANFLY_H32_SYNOPGBS901KASP) Hessian fly_H32_synopGBS901-KASP
  28. Leaf & Stem rust_Lr15/Sr23_gwm210 (Leaf/Stemrust:Lr16/Sr23) Lr16 is a widely deployed leaf rust resistance gene in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) that is highly effective against Puccinia triticina when pyramided with the gene Lr34. Lr16 is a seedling leaf rust resistance gene conditioning an incompatible interaction with a distinct necrotic ring surrounding the uredinium. 
  29. Leaf & Stem rust_Lr19/Sr25_TAKS002324 (Sr25) (Leaf/Stemrust:Lr19/Sr25) Sr25 was transferred into wheat from Thinopyrum ponticum and is effective to Ug99.  Sr25 and the linked leaf rust resistance gene Lr19. The use of germplasm containing Sr25/Lr19 was initially limited because of linkage with another Th. ponticum derived gene causing undesirable yellow flour.
  30. Leaf & Stem rust_Lr19/Sr25/Psy-E1_wmc221 (Leaf/Stemrust:Lr19/Sr25/Psy-E1) Gene complex derived from Thinopyrum ponticum to wheat chromsome 7DS conferring resistance to leaf and stem rusts. The use of germplasm containing Sr25/Lr19 was initially limited because of linkage with another Th. ponticum derived gene causing undesirable yellow flour. Knott developed a mutant line, ‘Agatha-28’, containing Sr25/Lr19 with reduced yellow color due to a mutation in the PSY-E1 gene. It was then backcrossed into Australian wheat varieties and has been used in the CIMMYT wheat breeding program where it is present in the variety ‘Wheatear’.
  31. Leaf rust_Lr34_TCCIND (Leafrust:Lr34) Gene on chromosome arm 7DS imparting partial, adult-plant resistance to leaf rust, stripe (yellow) rust and powdery mildew. Asssociated or linked genes: Lr34/Yr18/Sr57/Pm38
  32. Leaf rust_Lr42_wmc432 (Leafrust:Lr42) Major leaf rust resistant gene Lr42 was transferred from Aegilops tauschii to bread wheat by the Wheat Genetic Resource Center.
  33. Leaf rust_Lr67_csSNP856 (Leafrust:Lr67) The Lr67 gene for adult plant resistance (APR) to leaf rust was identified in a Pakistan landrace bread wheat accession PI250413. Lr67 is phenotypically similar to Lr34 because it could also be associated with resistance to stem rust and stripe rust.
  34. Leaf rust_Lr67_TM4 (Leafrust:Lr67 // Lr67_TM4) The Lr67 gene for adult plant resistance (APR) to leaf rust was identified in a Pakistan landrace bread wheat accession PI250413. Lr67 is phenotypically similar to Lr34 because it could also be associated with resistance to stem rust and stripe rust. Associated or linked genes: Lr67/Yr46/Sr55/Pm46
  35. Leaf rust_Lr68_2 (Leafrust:Lr68) Lr68 is an adult plant resistance (APR) conferring slow rusting resistance to wheat leaf rust caused by Puccinia triticina. This gene was first described in CIMMYT's spring bread wheat Parula. Parula is a line developed at CIMMYT in 1981 that combines also Lr34 and Lr46. The likely origin of Lr68 is the Brazilian cultivar Frontana.
  36. Leaf rust_Lr16_kwm849 (LEAFRUST_LR16_KWM849) Leaf rust_Lr16_kwm849
  37. Leaf rust_Lr23_BW_sunKASP_16 (LEAFRUST_LR23_BW_SUNKASP_16) Leaf rust_Lr23_BW_sunKASP_16
  38. Leaf rust_Lr46_JF2-2 (LEAFRUST_LR46_JF2-2) Leaf rust_Lr46_JF2-2
  39. Leaf rust_Lr46_SNP1G22 (LEAFRUST_LR46_SNP1G22) Leaf rust resistance gene Lr46 is a slow rusting gene which delays the infection process. Associated or linked genes: Lr46/Yr29/Sr58/Pm39
  40. Leaf rust_Lr48_IWB70147 (LEAFRUST_LR48_IWB70147) Leaf rust_Lr48_IWB70147
  41. Leaf rust Lr22a (LeafrustLr22a) Leaf rust resistance gene Lr22a (1) was introgressed from Aegilops tauschii to chromosome arm 2DS of common wheat. Lr22a is an adult plant resistance (APR) gene that shows a high level of resistance, comparable to seedling resistance gene, which contrasts with the slow-rusting phenotypes of others APR genes, like Lr34.
  42. Molybdenum transporter_MOT_TaMOT1-D1_KASP1 (MolybdenumTransporter:MOT1-D1) Molybdenum Transporter 1 (MOT1) has been suggested as candidates for the T. monococcum Earliness per se (Eps) gene.
  43. Photoperiod_Ppd-A1_GS105-1117ID (Photoperiod:Ppd-A1) Photoperiod response locus on chromosome 2AS. Ppd-A1a.1 allele imparts photoperiod insensitivity due to deletion in the promoter region and results in earlier flowering under short days. Relative strength of insensitive alleles: Ppd-D1a>Ppd-A1a.1>Ppd-B1a. In the absence of other Ppd1 insensitive alleles, the Ppd-A1b allele imparts photoperiod sensitivity and later flowering under short days.
  44. Photoperiod_Ppd-D1_TaPpdDD001 (Photoperiod:Ppd-D1) Photoperiod response locus on chromosome 2DS. Ppd-D1a allele imparts photoperiod insensitivity due to deletion in the 5' UTR and results in early flowering. Relative strength of insensitive alleles: Ppd-D1a>Ppd-A1a.1>Ppd-B1a. Ppd-D1b allele imparts photoperiod sensitivity and later flowering under short days.
  45. Photoperiod_Ppd-A1_Cdex5-6ID (PHOTOPERIOD_PPD-A1_CDEX5-6ID) Photoperiod_Ppd-A1_Cdex5-6ID
  46. Photoperiod_Ppd-D1_TaPpdDD002 (PHOTOPERIOD_PPD-D1_TAPPDDD002) Photoperiod_Ppd-D1_TaPpdDD002
  47. Photoperiod_Ppd-D1_TaPpdDI001 (PHOTOPERIOD_PPD-D1_TAPPDDI001) Photoperiod_Ppd-D1_TaPpdDI001
  48. Photoperiod_Ppd-A1_GS100-1027ID (Photperiod:PpdA1//GS100-1027ID) Photoperiod response locus on chromosome 2AS. Ppd-A1a.1 allele imparts photoperiod insensitivity due to deletion in the promoter region and results in earlier flowering under short days. Relative strength of insensitive alleles: Ppd-D1a>Ppd-A1a.1>Ppd-B1a. In the absence of other Ppd1 insensitive alleles, the Ppd-A1b allele imparts photoperiod sensitivity and later flowering under short days.
  49. Polyphenol Oxidase_33 (PolyphenolOxidase_33) Polyphenol Oxidase_33
  50. Polyphenol Oxidase_A1 (PolyphenolOxidase_A1) Polyphenol Oxidase_A1
  51. Hardness_Pina-D1_INS (Puroindoline:Pina-D1) Locus on chromsome 5DS encoding puroindoline proteins determining kernel texture. Pina-D1a wild type allele (soft). Pina-D1b null type allele (hard).
  52. Hardness_Pinb-D1_INS (Puroindoline:Pinb-D1) Locus on chromsome 5DS encoding puroindoline proteins determining kernel texture. Pinb-D1a wild type allele (soft). Pinb-D1b allele with glycine-to-serine mutation (soft).
  53. Reduced height_Rht-B1_SNP (Reducedheight:Rht-B1) Genes Rht-B1 and Rht-D1 are GA-insensitives genes, the alleles conferring the dwarf phenotype are Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b and the wild type alleles are Rht-B1a and Rht-D1a, while Rht8 is a GA-sensitive gene.
  54. Reduced height_Rht-D1_SNP (Reducedheight:Rht-D1) Wild type (Rht-D1a, tall) and reduced height (Rht-D1b) alleles of the plant height Rht-D1 locus on chromosome 4Bs. Formally Rht2 locus.
  55. Reduced height_Rht24-6A (Reducedheight_Rht24-6A) Rht24 is occurs at relatively high frequencies in European and Chinese wheat cultivars, and maps in the same region as Rht14, Rht16, and Rht18
  56. Reduced height_Rht8-2D (Reducedheight_Rht8-2D) Rht8 semi-dwarfing gene is one of the few, together with the Green Revolution Rht1 and Rht2 genes, to reduce stature of wheat and improve lodging resistance, without compromising grain yield. Rht8 is widely used in dry environments such as Mediterranean countries where it increases plant adaptability. 
  57. Tan spot_Tsn1 (Septorianodorum:Tsn1) The Tsn1 gene confers sensitivity to the proteinaceous host-selective toxins Ptr ToxA produced by the tan spot fungus (Pyrenophora tritici-repentis) and SnToxA produced by Stagonospora nodorum.  In the tan spot pathogen, Ptr ToxA produces extensive necrosis in sensitive genotypes.
  58. Septoria tritici blotch: Stb6 (Septoriatriticiblotch:Stb6) Septoria tritici blotch: Stb6
  59. Seven in Absentia heat tolerance (TaSINA) (SevenAbsentia_Htoleran(TaSINA)) The wheat Seven in Absentia gene is associated with increases in biomass and yield in hot climates
  60. Soil-borne mosaic virus_SBCMV_kw004_Sbm1 (SoilBornecerealmosaicvirusSBM1) Soil-borne cereal mosaic virus (SBCMV) is transmitted by the plasmodiophorid Polymyxa graminis.
  61. Spikelet development_Spikelet Dev_TaMoc-7A_2433 (Spikeletdevelopment:TaMoc-A1) Spikelet development_Spikelet Dev_TaMoc-7A_2433
  62. Stem rust Sr25_SNPC/CAP7_c2912_1387634 (SRSr25_SNPC/CAP7_c2912_1387634) Sr25 was transferred into wheat from Thinopyrum ponticum and is effective to Ug99.  Sr25 is linked with the leaf rust resistance gene Lr19. The use of germplasm containing Sr25/Lr19 was initially limited because of linkage with another Th. ponticum derived gene causing undesirable yellow flour.
  63. Stem rust_Sr2_ger9 3p (Stemrust:Sr2) Gene on chromosome 3BS conferring partial, adult-plant resistance to stem rust. Often associated with pseudo-black-chaff. Associated or linked genes: Sr2/Yr30/Lr27
  64. Stem rust_Sr2_gwm533 (Stemrust:Sr2 // gwm533) Gene on chromosome 3BS conferring partial, adult-plant resistance to stem rust. Often associated with pseudo-black-chaff. Associated or linked genes: Sr2/Yr30/Lr27
  65. Stem rust_Sr2_PMP3-2 (Stemrust:Sr2 // PMP3-2) Gene on chromosome 3BS conferring partial, adult-plant resistance to stem rust. Often associated with pseudo-black-chaff.
  66. Stem rust_Sr2_Xsnp3BS-2 (Stemrust:Sr2 // Xsnp3BS-2) Gene on chromosome 3BS conferring partial, adult-plant resistance to stem rust. Often associated with pseudo-black-chaff.
  67. Stem rust_Sr22_Cfa2123 (Stemrust:Sr22) The Sr22 gene was originally identified in the diploid wheat species Triticum monococcum ssp. boeoticum accession G-21 (1) and T. monococcum L. accession RL5244 (2). It was then transferred to tetraploid and hexaploid wheat through interspecific hybridizations. Sr22 is effective against Ug99.
  68. Stem rust_Sr22_cspk81 (Stemrust:Sr22 // cspk81) The Sr22 gene was originally identified in the diploid wheat species Triticum monococcum ssp. boeoticum accession G-21 (1) and T. monococcum L. accession RL5244 (2). It was then transferred to tetraploid and hexaploid wheat through interspecific hybridizations. Sr22 is effective against Ug99.
  69. Stem rust_Sr22_A_AL-Sus-T (Stemrust:Sr22//Sr22_A_AL-Sus-T) The Sr22 gene was originally identified in the diploid wheat species Triticum monococcum ssp. boeoticum accession G-21 (1) and T. monococcum L. accession RL5244 (2). It was then transferred to tetraploid and hexaploid wheat through interspecific hybridizations. Sr22 is effective against Ug99.
  70. Stem rust_Sr24#12 (Stemrust:Sr24) Sr24 offers resistance to most races of stem rust, including the virulent race Ug99 (TTKSK) now established in East Africa and Ethiopia. Sr24 is not effective against a more recent variant of UG99, designated TTKST. Sr24 is a spontaneous translocation from Agropyron elongatum.
  71. Stem rust_Sr26#43 (Stemrust:Sr26) Introgressed from Agropyron elongatum (syn. Thinopyrum ponticum), Sr26 is one the few known major resistance genes effective against the Sr31-virulent race Ug99 (TTKSK) and its Sr24-virulent derivative (TTKST).
  72. Stem rust_Sr26_BES18379 (Stemrust:Sr26 // BES18379) Introgressed from Agropyron elongatum (syn. Thinopyrum ponticum), Sr26 is one the few known major resistance genes effective against the Sr31-virulent race Ug99 (TTKSK) and its Sr24-virulent derivative (TTKST).
  73. Stem rust_Sr26_R-dom_A (Stemrust:Sr26 // Sr26_R-dom_A) Introgressed from Agropyron elongatum (syn. Thinopyrum ponticum), Sr26 is one the few known major resistance genes effective against the Sr31-virulent race Ug99 (TTKSK) and its Sr24-virulent derivative (TTKST).
  74. Stem rust_Sr33_Cfd15 (Stemrust:Sr33) The stem rust resistance Sr33 was first discovered in Aegilops tauschii and transferred to chromosome arm 1DS of wheat. This gene provides an intermediate level a resistance to several Puccinia graminis sp. tritici races including Ug99 related races.
  75. Stem rust_SrND643_gwm350 (Stemrust:SrND643) The hard red spring wheat line ND643 was used in crosses with CIMMYT germplasm to introgress the high protein content gene gpc-B1. Several lines derived from these crosses showed moderate seedling and adult plant resistance to race TTKSK (Ug99) of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici.
  76. Stem rust_SrCAD_6DS_2105488_5581_kwm907 (STEMRUST_6DS2105488_5581KWM907) Stem rust_SrCAD_6DS_2105488_5581_kwm907
  77. Stem rust_SrCAD_Contig11536236_557_kwm999 (STEMRUST_C11536236_557KWM999) Stem rust_SrCAD_Contig11536236_557_kwm999
  78. Stem rust_SrCAD_Contig11536236_558_kwm1000 (STEMRUST_C11536236_558KWM1000) Stem rust_SrCAD_Contig11536236_558_kwm1000
  79. Stem rust_SrCAD_Kukri_rep_c68823_696_kwm987 (STEMRUST_SRCAD_KUKRI_REP) Stem rust_SrCAD_Kukri_rep_c68823_696_kwm987
  80. Stem Rust-Sr2_PMP3-2COM5A/CapsR (STEMRUST-SR2_PMP3-2COM5A/CAPSR) Stem Rust-Sr2_PMP3-2COM5A/CapsR
  81. Stem rust Sr24_Kukri_c22857_496 (StemrustSr24_Kukri_c22857_496) The Sr22 gene was originally identified in the diploid wheat species Triticum monococcum ssp. boeoticum and T. monococcum L. accession. It was then transferred to tetraploid and hexaploid wheat through interspecific hybridizations. Sr22 is effective against Ug99. 
  82. Stripe rust_Yr15-R5 (Striperust:Yr15) In 1970, a Triticum dicoccoides accession was observed as resistant to many races of Puccinia striiformis from different geographical origins. Later, it was shown that this stripe rust resistance was conferred by the dominant gene Yr15.
  83. Stripe rust_Yr17 (Striperust:Yr17) Gene complex derived from Aegilops ventricosum chromosome 2NS translocated to wheat 2AS conferring resistance to stripe rust. Asssociated or linked genes: Lr37/Yr17/Sr38
  84. Stripe rust: Yr5 (Striperust:Yr5) Yr5 was first observed in Triticum spelta album. This gene confers resistance to all of the races of stripe rust known in the US.
  85. Stripe rust_Yr57_BS00062676 (Striperust:Yr57) A common wheat landrace, AUS27858, from the Watkins collection showed low seedling stripe rust response against Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici pathotypes. 
  86. Stripe rust: Yr7 (Striperust:Yr7) Yr7 is allelic to Yr5.
  87. Stripe rust: Yr78_IWA7257 (Striperust:Yr78_IWA7257) Yr78 is effective against stripe rust at the adult plant stage. Yr77 can be a useful gene to diversify the sources of stripe rust resistance where this gene is present at very low frequencies.
  88. Stripe rust_YrF_gwm374 (Striperust:YrF) Francolin#1, a high yielding spring wheat line developed by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), displays good agronomic characters and stable resistance to current populations of the three rusts. Located on chromosome 2BS, Segregation results in seedlings and molecular marker analyses indicated the presence of a temporarily designated gene YrF in Francolin#1 for resistance to stripe rust.
  89. Stripe rust_Yr15-R8 (STRIPERUST_YR15-R8) Stripe rust_Yr15-R8
  90. Target of EAT_TaTOE1_TaTOE1-B1_KASP1 (TARGETOFEAT_TATOE1_TATOE1-B1) Target of EAT_TaTOE1_TaTOE1-B1_KASP1
  91. Thousand grain weight_TGW_TaCKX-D1 (Thousandgrainweight:TaCKX-D1) Thousand grain weight, grain width and thickness
  92. Thousand grain weight_TGW_TaCwi-A1a/b (Thousandgrainweight:TaCwi-2A) Thousand grain weight_TGW_TaCwi-A1a/b
  93. Thousand grain weight_TGW_TaCwi-4A_1523 (Thousandgrainweight:TaCwi-4A) Thousand grain weight_TGW_TaCwi-4A_1523
  94. Thousand grain weight_TGW_TaGW2-HAP-A/G (Thousandgrainweight:TaGW2-6A) Thousand grain weight_TGW_TaGW2-HAP-A/G
  95. Thousand grain weight_TGW_TaSus2-2B_SNP (Thousandgrainweight:TaSus2) Thousand grain weight_TGW_TaSus2-2B_SNP
  96. Thousand grain weight_TGW6_TaTGW6-A1_1050 (Totalgrainweight:TGW6) The TGW6 gene encodes a novel indole-3-acetic acid-glucose hydrolase and plays a role in improving thousand grain weight (TGW).
  97. Rye translocation_T1AL.1RS_SCM009 (Translocation:T1AL.1RS) Translocation of the short arm of rye chromosome 1R onto wheat 1AL.
  98. Rye translocation_T1BL.1RS_SCM009 (Translocation:T1BL.1RS) Translocation of the short arm of rye chromosome 1R onto wheat 1BL.
  99. Vernalization_Vrn-B1_Intro1/B/F,R3,R4,Ex1/B/F3 (V:Vrn-B1//Intro1/B/FR3R4Ex1BF3) Vernalization response locus on chromosome 5BL. Vrn-B1a has a deletion in intron 1 that causes insensitivity to vernalization. Relative strength of VRN1 spring genes: Vrn-A1>Vrn-B1>Vrn-D1.
  100. Vernalization_Vrn-A1_Exon7_C/T_Vrn-A1 (Ver:Vrn-A1 // Exon7_C/T_Vrn-A1) Vernalization response locus on chromosome 5AL. Vrn-A1a is the most potent spring allele, causing complete insensitivity to vernalization. It has an insertion of a foldback repetitive element and a duplicated region in the promoter. Winter allele vrn-A1a has several SNP indicative of a single copy of vrn-A1 and short vernalization requirement.
  101. Vernalization_Vrn-A1_Vrn-A1b-Marq (Ver:Vrn-A1 // Vrn-A1b-Marq) Vernalization response locus on chromosome 5AL. Vrn-A1a is the most potent spring allele, causing complete insensitivity to vernalization. It has an insertion of a foldback repetitive element and a duplicated region in the promoter. Winter allele vrn-A1a has several SNP indicative of a single copy of vrn-A1 and short vernalization requirement.
  102. Vernalization_Vrn-A1_9K0001 (Vernalization:Vrn-A1) Vernalization response locus on chromosome 5AL. Vrn-A1a is the most potent spring allele, causing complete insensitivity to vernalization. It has an insertion of a foldback repetitive element and a duplicated region in the promoter. Winter allele vrn-A1a has several SNP indicative of a single copy of vrn-A1 and short vernalization requirement.
  103. Vernalization_Vrn-A1_Vrn1_new (Vernalization:Vrn-A1//Vrn1_new) Vernalization response locus on chromosome 5AL. Vrn-A1a is the most potent spring allele, causing complete insensitivity to vernalization. It has an insertion of a foldback repetitive element and a duplicated region in the promoter. Winter allele vrn-A1a has several SNP indicative of a single copy of vrn-A1 and short vernalization requirement.
  104. Vernalization_Vrn-B1_Intro 1/B/F, R3, R4 (Vernalization:Vrn-B1(Intron1)) Vernalization response locus on chromosome 5BL. Vrn-B1a has a deletion in intron 1 that causes insensitivity to vernalization. Relative strength of VRN1 spring genes: Vrn-A1>Vrn-B1>Vrn-D1.
  105. Vernalization_Vrn-D1-D1a_A (Vernalization:Vrn-D1) Photoperiod response locus on chromosome 2DS. Ppd-D1a allele imparts photoperiod insensitivity due to deletion in the 5' UTR and results in early flowering. Relative strength of insensitive alleles: Ppd-D1a>Ppd-A1a.1>Ppd-B1a. Ppd-D1b allele imparts photoperiod sensitivity and later flowering under short days.
  106. Vernalization_Vrn-B3_1279 (VERNALIZATION_VRN-B3_1279) Vernalization_Vrn-B3_1279
  107. VPM rust_VPM_SNP (VPMrust:Lr37/Yr17/Sr38) Gene complex derived from Aegilops ventricosum chromosome 2NS translocated to wheat 2AS conferring resistance to leaf, stripe (yellow) and stem rusts
  108. Wheat bread making_WBM (WHEATBREADMAKING_WBM) Wheat bread making_WBM


CIMMYT Germplasm Policy (excerpts)

CIMMYT holds and manages its germplasm as an international public good and is committed to its widespread and facilitated diffusion and use to achieve the maximum possible access, scale, scope of impact, and sharing of benefits for the poor, especially maize and wheat farmers and consumers in developing countries. To safeguard its international public goods character, and by legal obligation with FAO and the Governing Body of the International Treaty of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA), CIMMYT germplasm for use in food and agriculture is transferred using the Standard Materials Transfer Agreement (SMTA) of the ITPGRFA or equivalent Material Transfer Agreements (MTAs) in the case of species that are not listed in the Annex 1 of the ITPGRFA.

Distributions to fulfill requests for repatriation of subsamples of germplasm collections to a country or community of origin, especially following natural or man-made catastrophes, are considered a high priority.

The CIMMYT germplasm research for development focus is on (i) conservation and the effective use of genetic diversity and (ii) the further development and deployment of CIMMYT germplasm for the benefit of improved and more sustainable food and nutrition security, poverty reduction, and environmental sustainability.

CIMMYT strives to make CIMMYT held germplasm, as well as the data and other outputs resulting from its germplasm research and development activities, openly available and accessible for research, breeding and training for food and agriculture, in accordance with the ITPGRFA, the CGIAR Intellectual Assets Principles, the CGIAR Open Access and Data Management Policy and CIMMYT's Intellectual Assets Policy. Germplasm availability is made public through the web, field days etc. and access is free of charge or at minimal cost. CIMMYT may apply additional conditions to the transfer of germplasm under development from its breeding and research programs in support of accelerated use, data sharing, and impact assessment.

CIMMYT acquires and distributes all seed samples in accordance with relevant international and national regulations, such as phytosanitary/quarantine laws, ITPGRFA or CBD, and national laws for genetic resources access, transgenic status, and other considerations. Germplasm imported, exported, or acquired from quarantined regions within the same country must pass through the applicable quarantine processes implemented by an accredited CIMMYT Seed Health Unit or the importing or exporting countries' dedicated authorities, as well as meeting all necessary regulatory requirements, before acceptance and use by CIMMYT for conservation, breeding, research, and/or dissemination to third parties.

CIMMYT makes no warranties, express or implied, regarding the quality, viability or purity (genetic or mechanical), safety of and/or use of CIMMYT-held germplasm including any warranty of merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose, including without limitation, production, breeding, crossing, testing, commercialization, or non-infringement of third-party intellectual property.