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Accessions evaluated for: PLANTHEIGHT_FIELDNOTES in study MEXICALI_14-15SP_TID52658




Selected item(s) below:


IDACCESSIONNAMETAXONOMYIMAGEORIGINAVAILABILITYVALUEOBSERVATIONSNOTE
021267G 2007 CMH82.961-4Y-1B-1Y-2B-2Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico100
123215G 7456 CMH85.1056-1Y-4B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico100
252931G 2590 CMH82A.1071-2B-2Y-1B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico100
396583BW 9568 X30552-7B-4Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico100
496584BW 9569 X30552-8B-6Y-1B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico100
5106442G 2374 X8532×Triticosecale spp. Mexico100
6131763G 7365 CMH84.3978-2B-2Y-1B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico100
7131764G 7366 CMH84.3979-4B-3Y-3B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico100
819924G 6472 CMH81A.1261-4B-3Y-2B-1Y-3B-2Y-5B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico105
923214G 7454 CMH85.1056-1Y-4B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico105
1025860T 7023 'SQR_12'×Triticosecale spp. Mexico105
1153442T 5796 X55025-0AP-1AP-0AP-2M-1Y-0M×Triticosecale spp. Mexico105
12130375G 2643 CMH80.1162-1Y-5B-4Y-3B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico105
13131624G 6920 CNH80A.1158-1B-1Y-1B-1Y-3B-0Y-4B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. CIMMYT,INT.105
14130386G 2678 CMH81A.1335-5B-6Y-2B-1Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico110
1525858T 7022 'SQR_11'×Triticosecale spp. Mexico115
1652942T 7212 'CID163596-8X TCL'×Triticosecale spp.115
1756025BW 9591 X30276-1B-2Y-2B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico115
18130378G 2657 CMH81A.1226-1B-2Y-2B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico115
1952296T 7197 F5.73562×Triticosecale spp.Indiana, United States120
2053174T 7168 CTM24993-2M-0Y-0M-500Y-0Y×Triticosecale spp. CIMMYT,INT.120
21129055G 2656 CMH82.1122-B-9Y-1B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico120
22130629G 3252 CMH82A.1117-1B-1Y-2B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico120
2352416T 7161 'OCTO 23-1F-0YO-0FG-1FG-500Y-0Y'×Triticosecale spp.125
2452417T 7162 'OCTO 23-1F-0YO-0FG-4FG-500Y-0Y'×Triticosecale spp.125
25129877G 2375 GID 2578539×Triticosecale spp.125
2652304T 7201 166H(51TA)×Triticosecale spp. AustraliaNot Available130
2752721T 6978 CMH84.957-1Y-1B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico130
2853060T 7165 CTM25519-0M-500Y-0Y×Triticosecale spp. CIMMYT,INT.130
2956031G 2327 X30276-1B-4Y-2B-1Y-1B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. MexicoNot Available130
3052307T 7202 166H(99MT)×Triticosecale spp. AustraliaNot Available140
3154097CWI 35819 SNP E3Secale cereale L. CIMMYT,INT.150
3254095T 4773 SNP EMS RATE3Secale cereale L. Mexico155
3354096T 4774 SNP EMS RATE8Secale cereale L. Mexico155
34131621G 6500 CMH85.3206-A-2B-3Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico50
3552542G 2586 CMH83.943-A-4Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico55
36130373G 2638 CMH80A.1300-2B-1Y-1B-5Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico55
37130630G 3263 CMH83.1027-4Y-2B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico55
3817020G 2296 CMH79A.1380-3B-2Y-1B-1Y-6B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico60
3917021G 2297 CMH79A.1380-3B-2Y-1B-1Y-6B-4Y-1B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico60
4024006G 7466 X12156-(F10)-7Y-1B-0Y-1B-5Y-1Y-0Y-5B-0Y-1Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico60
4152812T 7037 CMH83.1039-1Y-2B-3Y-2B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico60
4252814T 7038 CMH84.937-2Y-1B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico60
4352816T 7039 CMH84.937-1Y-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico60
44129701G 1976 CMH81A.1247-7B-4Y-2B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico60
45129711G 2006 CMH82.1056-1Y-2B-2Y-1B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico60
46131618G 6495 CMH85.1005-1Y-2B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico60
47131791G 7479 CMH84.4375-2B-1Y-1B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico60
4823072G 3286 CMH83.1103-1Y-5B-1Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico65
4923656G 3297 CMH82.1005-3Y-2B-1Y-1B-3Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico65
5024005G 7465 X12156-(F10)-7Y-1B-0Y-1B-5Y-1Y-0Y-5B-0Y-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico65
5152794T 7031 CMH84.949-2Y-2B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico65
52129095G 3317 CMH83.1156-1Y-1B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico65
53129186G 3258 L80.1542-E-1B-4Y-1B-2Y-1B-1Y-2B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. CIMMYT,INT.65
54129702G 1977 CMH81A.1247-7B-4Y-2B-1Y-4B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico65
55131622G 6501 CMH85.3206-A-2B-4Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico65
5618489G 2666 CMH81A.1308-3B-4Y-2B-2Y-1B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
5718492G 2667 CMH81A.1308-3B-4Y-2B-2Y-1B-3Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
5821192G 1988 CMH82.956-4Y-2B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
5921193G 1989 CMH82.956-4Y-2B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
6052779T 7027 CMH83.3165-B-2B-3Y-3B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
6152863T 7071 CMH84.1159-1Y-3B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
62113908G 3276 CMH82A.1140-1B-1Y-2B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
63113911G 3323 CMH82A.1267-3B-1Y-3B-3Y-4B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
64129082G 2010 CMH81A.1339-3B-2Y-2B-2Y-1B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
65129709G 2001 CMH78.1363-1Y-2B-1Y-1B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
66129713G 2011 CMH82.957-3Y-2B-1Y-1B-2Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
67130384G 2675 CMH82.947-3Y-2B-2Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
68131617G 6494 CMH85.2952-A-1B-2Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
69131790G 7478 CMH84.4375-2B-1Y-1B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico70
7016027G 1999 CMH79.1509-3Y-5B-1Y-1B-1Y-8B-4Y-0B-2Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
7119929G 3320 CMH82A.1263-1B-1Y-1B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
7219930G 3321 CMH82A.1263-1B-1Y-1B-1Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
7329120G 8838 CMH84.1142-2Y-1B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
7452374G 2318 CMH82A.1110-1B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
7552548G 3232 CMH83.893-2Y-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
7652777T 7026 CMH83.3165-B-2B-3Y-2B-3Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
7786169G 3281 CMH83.3128-3B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
7886179G 2013 CMH82.1120-2Y-4B-1Y-1B-2Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
79113910G 3322 CMH82A.1267-3B-1Y-3B-3Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
80129079G 1990 CMH81A.1339-3B-2Y-2B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
81129081G 1992 CMH81A.1339-3B-2Y-2B-3Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
82129118G 7481 CMH84.1061-1Y-4B-2Y-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
83129865G 2294 CMH79.1514-1Y-7B-4Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
84129867G 2308 CMH81.1219-3Y-4B-3Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
85130367G 2616 CMH79.1360-3Y-1B-4Y-4B-1Y-3B-2Y-2B-1Y-1B-3Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
86130633G 7459 CMH82A.1192-2B-2Y-1B-2Y-2B-3Y-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
87131619G 7407 CMH85.1005-1Y-1B-3Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
88131769G 7408 CMH85.1150-B-1Y-2B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
89131770G 7409 CMH85.1150-B-1Y-2B-2Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
90131777G 7433 CMH85.1151-1Y-2B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico75
9116442BW 21156 CMH84.3304-A-4B-1Y-1B-1Y-0BTriticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum Mexico80
9219947T 7134 CMH81A.1262-4B-2Y-1B-1Y-1B-1Y-2B-3Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
9319950G 2625 CMH81A.1262-1B-4Y-1B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
9420577G 1983 CMH82A.1255-2B-4Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
9521264G 1985 CMH82.961-4Y-1B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
9623556G 2592 CMH80.1019-1Y-1B-3Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
9729124G 7349 CMH84.1142-2Y-1B-1Y-2B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
9852545T 6945 CMH83.893-2Y-2B-1Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
9986172G 2295 CMH82.1120-2Y-4B-1Y-7B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
100129071G 2004 CMH81A.1233-1B-8Y-1B-2Y-5B-3Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
101129072G 2005 CMH81A.1233-1B-8Y-1B-2Y-5B-4Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
102129080G 1991 CMH81A.1339-3B-2Y-2B-2Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
103129704G 1993 CMH81A.1358-1B-1Y-1B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
104129705G 1994 CMH81A.1358-1B-2Y-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
105129706G 1996 CMH80A.1216-1B-1Y-1B-3Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
106129866G 2302 CMH76.1141-3Y-1B-3Y-0F-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
107129868G 2309 CMH80A.1196-7B-6Y-3B-1Y-2B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
108129871G 2317 CMH81A.1192-11B-1Y-1B-2Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
109130368G 2624 CMH81A.1258-2B-2Y-2B-3Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
110130376G 2649 CMH83.1051-1Y-1B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
111130383G 2673 CMH79.1475-1Y-3B-2Y-2B-2Y-1B-4Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
112130387G 2679 CMH81A.1351-1B-2Y-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
113130388G 2680 CMH81A.1351-1B-2Y-3B-2Y-4B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
114130389G 2681 CMH78.1342-3Y-3B-3Y-3B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
115131620G 6499 CMH83.3001-1B-1Y-1B-1Y-1B-3Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
116131623G 7434 CMH85.3206-A-2B-3Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
117131761G 7357 CMH84.1113-1Y-1B-1Y-2B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
118131766G 7368 CMH85.890-3Y-2B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
119131775G 7427 CMH85.3199-A-3B-3Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico80
12086178G 2012 CMH82.1120-2Y-4B-1Y-1B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico84
1217630BW 9555 X30520-1B-9Y-3B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
12216041G 6532 CMH84.185-3Y-2B-1Y-3B-4Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
12318485G 1979 CMH82A.1257-1B-4Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
12420576G 1981 CMH82A.1255-1B-1Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
12521265G 1986 CMH82.961-4Y-1B-2Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
12621266G 1987 CMH82.961-4Y-1B-2Y-4B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
12723069G 4599 CMH83.1103-1Y-6B-2Y-3B-4Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
12823904G 2635 CMH81A.1243-7B-2Y-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
12927753G 2376 FS1029×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
13029125G 7350 CMH84.1142-2Y-1B-1Y-2B-1Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
13152786T 7029 CMH83.3166-C-2B-1Y-2B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
13252827T 7042 CMH84.4191-3B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
133129068G 2002 CMH81A.1233-1B-8Y-1B-2Y-1B-3Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
134129070G 2003 CMH81A.1233-1B-8Y-1B-2Y-5B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
135129119G 7482 CMH84.1061-1Y-4B-2Y-2B-1Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
136129172G 2587 CMH80A.1115-5B-4Y-1B-6Y-1B-1Y-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
137129703G 1984 CMH81A.1361-4B-1Y-1B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
138129707G 1997 CMH81A.1378-7B-4Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
139129708G 1998 CMH81A.1378-7B-5Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
140130377G 2655 CMH81.1160-1Y-5B-4Y-1B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
141130555G 3017 CMH83.457-B-2Y-1B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
142130632G 3282 CMH82A.1192-2B-3Y-1B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
143131626G 6939 CMH85.2067-A-1B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
144131772G 7418 CMH85.3245-A-1B-3Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
145131776G 7432 CMH85.1151-1Y-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico85
146399T 3487 X2832-13N-1M-3N-0M×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
14716028G 2000 CMH79.1509-3Y-5B-1Y-1B-1Y-8B-4Y-0B-3Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
14818481G 1978 CMH82A.1257-1B-4Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
14919926G 3277 CMH81A.1261-4B-3Y-2B-1Y-3B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
15086177G 1995 CMH82.1120-2Y-4B-1Y-7B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
15186180G 2014 CMH82.1120-2Y-4B-1Y-2B-1Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
152129075G 3283 CMH81A.1233-1B-8Y-1B-2Y-1B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
153129077G 3285 CMH81A.1233-1B-8Y-1B-2Y-1B-3Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
154129120G 7483 CMH84.1061-1Y-4B-2Y-2B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
155129925G 2488 CMH81A.316-1B-1Y-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
156130365G 2588 CMH81.1065-3Y-4B-5Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
157130366G 2603 CMH81.1063-1Y-1B-7Y-1B-1Y-3B-2Y-0B×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
158130370G 2629 CMH82A.1233-2B-3Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
159130385G 2677 CMH81.1283-1Y-5B-3Y-1B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
160130627G 3231 CMH81A.1120-1B-1Y-1B-3Y-1B-2Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
161130631G 3266 CMH82A.1121-1B-2Y-2B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
162131616G 6447 CMH82A.1227-1B-2Y-3B-4Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
163131771G 7416 CMH85.1003-1Y-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
164131773G 7425 CMH85.3199-A-3B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
165131774G 7426 CMH85.3199-A-3B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
166131794G 7486 CMH85.1044-2Y-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico90
1675482CWI 41025 X2802-38N-3M-6N-6M-0Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. United States95
1687631BW 9556 X30520-2B-1Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico95
16919922G 3278 CMH81A.1261-4B-3Y-2B-1Y-3B-1Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico95
17019927G 3279 CMH81A.1261-4B-3Y-2B-1Y-3B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico95
17123213G 7453 CMH85.1056-1Y-1B-1Y-4B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico95
17223216G 7457 CMH85.1056-1Y-4B-2Y-2B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico95
17396585BW 9570 X30552-9B-1Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico95
174129058G 7451 CMH81A.1250-1B-2Y-1B-3Y-8B-0Y-1B-3Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico95
175129073G 2633 CMH81A.1233-1B-8Y-1B-2Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico95
176130374G 2642 CMH80.1162-1Y-5B-4Y-1B-3Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico95
177131762G 7363 CMH84.3982-2B-3Y-1B-2Y-3B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico95
178131765G 7367 CMH85.887-2Y-1B-2Y-1B-0Y×Triticosecale spp. Mexico95


CIMMYT Germplasm Policy (excerpts)

CIMMYT holds and manages its germplasm as an international public good and is committed to its widespread and facilitated diffusion and use to achieve the maximum possible access, scale, scope of impact, and sharing of benefits for the poor, especially maize and wheat farmers and consumers in developing countries. To safeguard its international public goods character, and by legal obligation with FAO and the Governing Body of the International Treaty of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA), CIMMYT germplasm for use in food and agriculture is transferred using the Standard Materials Transfer Agreement (SMTA) of the ITPGRFA or equivalent Material Transfer Agreements (MTAs) in the case of species that are not listed in the Annex 1 of the ITPGRFA.

Distributions to fulfill requests for repatriation of subsamples of germplasm collections to a country or community of origin, especially following natural or man-made catastrophes, are considered a high priority.

The CIMMYT germplasm research for development focus is on (i) conservation and the effective use of genetic diversity and (ii) the further development and deployment of CIMMYT germplasm for the benefit of improved and more sustainable food and nutrition security, poverty reduction, and environmental sustainability.

CIMMYT strives to make CIMMYT held germplasm, as well as the data and other outputs resulting from its germplasm research and development activities, openly available and accessible for research, breeding and training for food and agriculture, in accordance with the ITPGRFA, the CGIAR Intellectual Assets Principles, the CGIAR Open Access and Data Management Policy and CIMMYT's Intellectual Assets Policy. Germplasm availability is made public through the web, field days etc. and access is free of charge or at minimal cost. CIMMYT may apply additional conditions to the transfer of germplasm under development from its breeding and research programs in support of accelerated use, data sharing, and impact assessment.

CIMMYT acquires and distributes all seed samples in accordance with relevant international and national regulations, such as phytosanitary/quarantine laws, ITPGRFA or CBD, and national laws for genetic resources access, transgenic status, and other considerations. Germplasm imported, exported, or acquired from quarantined regions within the same country must pass through the applicable quarantine processes implemented by an accredited CIMMYT Seed Health Unit or the importing or exporting countries' dedicated authorities, as well as meeting all necessary regulatory requirements, before acceptance and use by CIMMYT for conservation, breeding, research, and/or dissemination to third parties.

CIMMYT makes no warranties, express or implied, regarding the quality, viability or purity (genetic or mechanical), safety of and/or use of CIMMYT-held germplasm including any warranty of merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose, including without limitation, production, breeding, crossing, testing, commercialization, or non-infringement of third-party intellectual property.