Taxonomic Information on Cultivated Plants in GRIN-Global

Special-Purpose Data Sets

A number of specialized data sets are incorporated into GRIN-Global Taxonomy, most of these arising from publications of National Germplasm Resources Laboratory (formerly Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory) botanists. One example is the family and generic data in USDA Technical Bulletin 1796, which has already been discussed. Also included are the scientific names endorsed by seed-testing associations such as Association of Official Seed Analysts (AOSA) and International Seed Testing Association (ISTA) from the publications AOSA Rules for Testing Seeds Volume 3. Uniform classification of weed and crop seeds (Meyer and Wiersema, 2014) and ISTA List of Stabilized Plant Names (ed. 6, Wiersema et al., 2013), for which the nomenclature is being verified in GRIN-Global. The AOSA data set includes the federal noxious weeds controlled by the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and the state noxious-weed seeds regulated by the Federal Seed Act. A separate query page is currently not available to search all federal and state noxious weeds, both aquatic and terrestrial, and state noxious-weed seeds in GRIN-Global with links to federal and state regulatory resources. We hope to have it restored in 2019.

Another publication linked to GRIN-Global Taxonomy is the latest revision of former USDA Agricultural Handbook 505, A checklist of names for 3,000 vascular plants of economic importance (Terrell, 1986b). This new revision, which treats over 12,200 economically important vascular plants, was published in 2013 by CRC Press as a second edition of a 1999 work under the title World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference. Data from this publication may be queried on the web.

Another data set incorporated into GRIN-Global relates to threatened and endangered plants. Among these are the plants listed in Appendices I, II, and III of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Also included are the federal list of threatened and endangered plants maintained by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (US-FWS), Department of the Interior and the list of rare plants maintained by the Center for Plant Conservation (CPC).

A data set on crop wild relatives (CWR) was recently added to GRIN-Global Taxonomy in 2014. Currently, 0 CWR have been classified according to their hybridization potential with 0 major and minor crops. A query page exists to search these data in various ways.

A final specialized data set in GRIN-Global provides information on published rhizobial nodulation reports for genera and species. These data, concerning mainly legumes, are expected to be available for query by Fall 2018 on the web. Researchers who need access to the data in the meantime should send a request directly to Melanie Schori.

CIMMYT Germplasm Policy (excerpts)

CIMMYT holds and manages its germplasm as an international public good and is committed to its widespread and facilitated diffusion and use to achieve the maximum possible access, scale, scope of impact, and sharing of benefits for the poor, especially maize and wheat farmers and consumers in developing countries. To safeguard its international public goods character, and by legal obligation with FAO and the Governing Body of the International Treaty of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA), CIMMYT germplasm for use in food and agriculture is transferred using the Standard Materials Transfer Agreement (SMTA) of the ITPGRFA or equivalent Material Transfer Agreements (MTAs) in the case of species that are not listed in the Annex 1 of the ITPGRFA.

Distributions to fulfill requests for repatriation of subsamples of germplasm collections to a country or community of origin, especially following natural or man-made catastrophes, are considered a high priority.

The CIMMYT germplasm research for development focus is on (i) conservation and the effective use of genetic diversity and (ii) the further development and deployment of CIMMYT germplasm for the benefit of improved and more sustainable food and nutrition security, poverty reduction, and environmental sustainability.

CIMMYT strives to make CIMMYT held germplasm, as well as the data and other outputs resulting from its germplasm research and development activities, openly available and accessible for research, breeding and training for food and agriculture, in accordance with the ITPGRFA, the CGIAR Intellectual Assets Principles, the CGIAR Open Access and Data Management Policy and CIMMYT's Intellectual Assets Policy. Germplasm availability is made public through the web, field days etc. and access is free of charge or at minimal cost. CIMMYT may apply additional conditions to the transfer of germplasm under development from its breeding and research programs in support of accelerated use, data sharing, and impact assessment.

CIMMYT acquires and distributes all seed samples in accordance with relevant international and national regulations, such as phytosanitary/quarantine laws, ITPGRFA or CBD, and national laws for genetic resources access, transgenic status, and other considerations. Germplasm imported, exported, or acquired from quarantined regions within the same country must pass through the applicable quarantine processes implemented by an accredited CIMMYT Seed Health Unit or the importing or exporting countries' dedicated authorities, as well as meeting all necessary regulatory requirements, before acceptance and use by CIMMYT for conservation, breeding, research, and/or dissemination to third parties.

CIMMYT makes no warranties, express or implied, regarding the quality, viability or purity (genetic or mechanical), safety of and/or use of CIMMYT-held germplasm including any warranty of merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose, including without limitation, production, breeding, crossing, testing, commercialization, or non-infringement of third-party intellectual property.